The Effects of Hypertension and Heart Disease

Hypertension refers to high blood pressure, a condition that is caused by an imbalance in the amount of calcium and sodium in the bloodstream. High blood pressure is described as transient (short-lived), or chronic (long-term) elevation of blood pressure within the arterial walls.

Hypertension can affect nearly all ages, races, and sexes. When hypertension is the result of uncontrolled hypertension, the risk factors for hypertension are also uncontrolled. The risk factors include being overweight, having a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, high cholesterol, obesity, and poor diet. Hypertension can cause heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure, or heart failure.

Smoking is an important hypertension preventive measure. Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol increase the risk of high blood pressure and its related complications. Studies have shown that when compared with non-smokers, smokers are two to four times more likely to develop coronary heart disease (CVD), stroke, and kidney failure. Smoking cessation is an effective method of decreasing the risks of developing CVD. Quit smoking now!



Obesity causes the build-up of fat deposits in the arteries and increases the blood flow to those areas of the body, thus raising the blood pressure, especially when the person is overweight. The additional weight causes the heart to work harder, causing the increase in pressure to be greater than it was before the extra pounds. This type of hypertension is called central obesity. Because of this, obesity is one of the leading causes of heart disease.

Obesity and high cholesterol also increase the risk of hypertension. Lifestyle changes can help lower the risk of developing hypertension. Increasing the physical activity in a person’s daily routine is an effective method of lowering the blood pressure. It has been shown that daily, moderate aerobic exercise lowers blood pressure and prevents hypertension.

Obesity and high salt intake also increase the risk of hypertension. Sodium is found in many foods such as soft drinks, salad dressings, canned or smoked meats, and fried foods. Excess sodium in a person’s diet can cause excessive fluid retention in the body. When the excess fluid is stored in the body, it creates a place for it to collect and cause hypertension.

Arteries are vessels located in the body that provide blood to the heart and brain. Blood is carried by these vessels through the body by arteries.



Hypertension can also result in a condition called coronary heart disease or a heart attack. If left untreated, it can even result in death. Prevention is essential for reducing the risks of suffering from a heart attack. There are several ways to prevent hypertension, such as controlling blood pressure through controlling stress and making lifestyle changes.

A heart attack occurs when the heart muscle is damaged. If left untreated, the heart muscle relaxes and starts pumping blood in an abnormal fashion, causing the blood pressure to increase dramatically. As a result, the heart muscle cannot pump enough blood through the body and a person can die as a result. Preventing hypertension early with the use of drugs such as beta blockers is a good idea.

Control of blood pressure is important for preventing a number of diseases including: stroke, heart attack, high cholesterol, kidney problems, and even diabetes. High blood pressure can also lead to death. Blood pressure can also make a person more susceptible to stroke if not treated.

Treatment of hypertension will involve a doctor evaluating the cause of the hypertension and determining the best course of action to take to reduce or eliminate the risk. This may include taking medications, lifestyle changes, or even surgery. Surgery is usually reserved for people who have high blood pressure that has not responded to medication. Surgery will not cure hypertension.

If you do have high blood pressure, you may want to speak with your doctor about having a medical test to see if you may be at increased risk of developing a heart disease, such as hypertension. You may need to consider losing some weight to control your blood pressure and to stop the pressure from rising. You may also be required to take certain medications.

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